My scholarship addresses the survivance of Indian nations in the 20th century Pacific Northwest despite federal and local efforts to conquer and assimilate Indian people.  Topics on which I have written include the effects of dam building on the Columbia River on Northwest fishing tribes, the struggle for federal recognition among tribes in the Northwest, the role of regional indigenous women leaders, and the history of representation and misrepresentation of Native people in museums and public history programs. A secondary interest is the history of the 20th century Pacific Northwest more generally. I have written regional history surveys, and about World War II-era conscientious objectors who were housed in Waldport, Oregon, and women authors and activists. I have also written about public history methods for regional and national audiences.

Work in Progress: Flora and Martha: Indigenous-Settler Alliances, Gender, and Making Place on the 20th Century Columbia River analyzes how cultural expectations shaped collaboration between Native and their non-Native allies on the Cold War Columbia River. Focusing on Martha McKeown (white ally/author) and Flora Thompson (wife of Wyam chief Tommy Thompson/Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Reservation), it contrasts the gendered political influence in Native communities with the expansion of white women’s political authority through club networks. As a descendant of American settlers, McKeown represents the colonial systems that destabilized the homelands of Indian peoples. But Thompson’s lived experiences reveal resettlement’s limits. Both women viewed federal policies as a threat to the NW’s Indian communities. Yet, they drew from radically different political and gendered traditions to address them.

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University of Arizona Press, Nature’s Northwest: The North Pacific Slope in the Twentieth Century (with William Robbins), Spring 2011.

Nature’s Northwest: The North Pacific Slope in the Twentieth Century (co-authored with historian William Robbins) was published by University of Arizona Press in 2011 as part of their Modern American West series. Richard Rajala called the book “a transnational regional history of great thematic reach and coherence” in his review for BC Studies. Historian Max Geier wrote, “They effectively compare triumphalist narratives across borders, depicting a conflictive landscape where people struggle to shape a common culture from their disunited pasts” in a review for H-Net.  

Barber’s useful study, like The Dalles Dam itself, takes on greater meaning as part of a larger pattern.
— American Historical Review

University of Washington Press, Death of Celilo Falls, November 2005. Published as part of the Emil and Kathleen Sick Lecture-Book series in Western History and Biography.

From the press: For thousands of years, Pacific Northwest Indians fished, bartered, socialized, and honored their ancestors at Celilo Falls, part of a nine-mile stretch of the Long Narrows on the Columbia River. Although the Indian community of Celilo Village survives to this day as Oregon's oldest continuously inhabited town, with the construction of The Dalles Dam in 1957, traditional uses of the river were catastrophically interrupted. Most non-Indians celebrated the new generation of hydroelectricity and the easy navigability of the river "highway" created by the dam, but Indians lost a sustaining center to their lives when Celilo Falls was inundated.

Death of Celilo Falls is a story of ordinary lives in extraordinary circumstances, as neighboring communities went through tremendous economic, environmental, and cultural change in a brief period. Katrine Barber examines the negotiations and controversies that took place during the planning and construction of the dam and the profound impact the project had on both the Indian community of Celilo Village and the non-Indian town of The Dalles, intertwined with local concerns that affected the entire American West: treaty rights, federal Indian policy, environmental transformation of rivers, and the idea of "progress."

Barber mines little-known government archives and local newspaper files to put flesh on the bones of this complex historic moment, providing the reader a finely detailed analysis of the chain of events leading to the flooding of Celilo Falls and a sensitive appreciation of the complex aftermath.
— Western Historical Quarterly